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Last Name
Institution

Carol Thrush

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
DepartmentSurgery, College of Medicine
DivisionSurgery Administration
Address8/18 Shorey
324 UAMS Campus Dr.
Mail Slot # 520
Little Rock AR 72205
Phone501-603-1149
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    Collapse Affiliation 
    Collapse member of
    AAMC Group on Educational Affairs
    American Educational Research Association

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Leadership and Administrative Roles
    Dr. Thrush is an Associate Professor based in the Surgery Department at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, in Little Rock, AR. Dr. Thrush holds BA and MA degrees in Psychology from the University of West Florida and a Doctorate in Higher Education Leadership/Faculty Development (Ed.D.) from University of Arkansas-Little Rock.

    Collapse awards and honors
    2016Educational Research Award, to the Psychiatry Educational Research Team, UAMS, College of Medicine
    2012Educational Research Award, to the RIPPLE Team (Relationships in Positive Professional Learning Envi, UAMS, College of Medicine
    20091st place poster, Annual Meeting, Sept 30-Oct 3, 2009, Washington DC., Association for Academic Psychiatry
    2009Medical Education Scholarship Award for Outstanding presentation (along with Cottrell and Thompson), AAMC Southern Group on Educational Affairs

    Collapse Educational Activities 
    Collapse teaching overview
    Teaching and Faculty Development

    2010 - 2015 Director, UAMS Teaching Scholars program, Office of Educational Development (OED).

    2006 - present Co-Director, Faculty Development monthly educational meetings for Residency/ Fellowship Program Directors (E.A.S.E), UAMS College of Medicine.

    2003 - 2004 Adjunct Instructor, Psychology and the Human Experience (PSYC 2300). Pulaski Technical College, North Little Rock, AR.

    1994 - 1994 Co-tutor for problem based learning group with medical students, University of Hawaii.

    1993 - 1995 Co-Instructor and co-curriculum designer, Resident Research Seminars, Psychiatry Residency Training Program, University of Hawaii

    1988 - 1991 Small group facilitator for Career and Life Planning, Undergraduate course, Psychology Department, University of West Florida

    Invited Presentations (outside home institution)

    1. Research Integrity, Institutions and Organizational Climate. American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, Division I, Education in the Professions. Panel Presentation with Kevin Eva and Toby Schonfeld. Washington, D.C., April 9, 2016.

    2. Climate Assessment. Epigeum Impact Groups Workshop. London, England, April 21-22, 2015.

    3. AAMC Duty Hours Task Force: Impact on Institutions (oral presentation). Thrush CR, Padmore J, Fisher R, Opas L, Jaeger J, Smith M. Presented as part of the Plenary - Impact of 2011 Duty Hour Changes: Learners, Patients, Faculty and Institutions (Amiel J, Padmore J-Chairs). AAMC Annual Meeting, San Francisco, Nov. 3, 2012.

    4. Keynote Address: A New Impact Metric for CTSA Ethics Programs: The Survey on Responsible Research Practices. Martinson BC, Thrush CR. TSA Clinical Research Ethics Key Function Committee 2010 Annual Meeting, Nov., Chicago, IL.

    5. Lessons Learned in Assessing Institutional Climate for Research and Scholarly Integrity. Martinson BC, Thrush CR. Council of Graduate Schools, Project for Scholarly Integrity, Capstone Conference, Oct. 30, 2010, Washington, DC.

    6. Implementing and Sustaining Educational Research Working Groups. Clardy JC, Thrush CR. Workshop for the Internal Medicine Department, University of Louisville. Louisville, KY, June 3-4, 2010.

    7. Implementing and Measuring the Core Competencies in a Practice-Based Residency. 3rd Annual Faculty Development Seminar, sponsored by the American Osteopathic Colleges of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Feb. 6-7, 2010, Orlando, FL.

    8. Evaluating and Improving the Quality of Your Residency Program: A Practical Approach. 3rd Annual Faculty Development Seminar, sponsored by the American Osteopathic Colleges of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Feb. 6-7, 2010, Orlando, FL.

    9. Would Socrates Use the Socratic Method? A Technique for Improving Clinical and Small Group Teaching. (with co-presenters David O’Dell and Hugh Stoddard). University of Nebraska Medical Center, Faculty Development Monthly program, Oct., 2008.


    Collapse Research Funds 
    Collapse research overview
    Dr. Thrush has worked in academic healthcare settings since 1991, and has published more than 60 scientific journal articles spanning educational, social and behavioral sciences, health services, and medical education research domains.

    She has served as a Co-PI on an NIH NCRR grant, along with Dr. Brian Martinson, to establish psychometric properties of a survey to assess organizational research climate and as a consultant on a recent VA HSR&D grant to assess methods of feedback from this survey to VA leaders. She has consulted with many entities regarding measuring the organizational climate for research integrity, including the Council of Graduate Schools, Michigan State University, Epigeum, and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.

    Specific highlights of grant funded research involvement include:

    Title: “An RCT to Test Reporting and Feedback to Foster Research Integrity Climates”
    VA Health Services Research and Development Service, Directed Research Projects on Research Best Practices to improve Human Subjects Protection in Research and Improve Research Integrity, SDR 12-423, 10/2013 – 09/2015.
    Martinson, Brian (PI). My role: Consultant
    Study goals aimed to evaluate organizational research climates pertaining to research best practices using our Survey of Organizational Research Climates (SOuRCe), via a web- and mail-based survey process in 42 VA facilities, and use of this knowledge for ongoing improvement, comparing an enhanced and basic feedback process to local VA leaders.

    Title: What Does the Hidden Curriculum Look Like at UAMS? Using Focus Groups to Identify Students, Residents and Faculty Members’ Perceptions of Professional Behaviors
    Medical Education Foundation for Arkansas, 9/1/11 – 12/31/11.
    Tariq Sara (PI). My role: Co-I
    This project provided insights into perceptions of professional behaviors from the perspective of medical students, faculty and residents.

    Title: Propagating the Uniform Research Integrity Climate Assessment (U-RICA)
    NIH National Center for Research Resources 1 R21 RR025279-01, 9/1/08 – 9/1/10.
    Martinson, Brian; Thrush, Carol (Co-PIs) My role: Co-PI
    This project provided concrete materials and mechanisms to help academic health centers foster and maintain climates and cultures supportive of research integrity.

    Title: Enhancing the Professional Culture of Schools of Medicine
    Indiana University School of Medicine Relationship-Centered Care Initiative - Immersion Conference II, 05/2007.
    Shorey, Jeannette (PI). My role: Co-I and conference participant
    This was an award for a team of 5 UAMS faculty to attend the RCCI conference at IU SoM.

    Title: Validation of the Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) Scale
    American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Special Interest Division 3 (Voice Disorders) 01/04/2006 – 06/31/07.
    Zraick, Richard (PI). My role: Consultant
    This was a multi-center study to establish psychometric properties of the CAPE-V (Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation - Voice) survey (inter-rater and intra-rater reliability).


    Collapse Outreach 

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Kimbrough MK, Thrush CR, Barrett E, Bentley FR, Sexton KW. Are Surgical Milestone Assessments Predictive of In-Training Examination Scores? J Surg Educ. 2017 Jul 05. PMID: 28688968.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Smeds MR, Thrush CR, McDaniel FK, Gill R, Kimbrough MK, Shames BD, Sussman JJ, Galante JM, Wittgen CM, Ansari P, Allen SR, Nussbaum MS, Hess DT, Knight DC, Bentley FR. Relationships between study habits, burnout, and general surgery resident performance on the American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination. J Surg Res. 2017 May 12. PMID: 28595817.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Smeds MR, Huynh C, Thrush CR, Moursi MM, Amankwah KS. Effects of Mentorship on Graduating Vascular Surgery Trainees. Ann Vasc Surg. 2017 May 11. PMID: 28501657.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Martinson BC, Thrush CR, Gunsalus CK. Comment on "Improving research misconduct policies" by Redman & Caplan. EMBO Rep. 2017 Jun; 18(6):866. PMID: 28473421.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Makhoul I, Motwani P, Schafer L, Arnaoutakis K, Mahmoud F, Safar M, Graves D, Mehta P, Govindarajan R, Hutchins L, Thrush C. Integrating Collaborative Learning and Competition in a Hematology/Oncology Training Program. J Cancer Educ. 2016 Aug 12. PMID: 27516202.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Tariq SG, Thrush CR, Gathright M, Spollen JJ, Graham J, Shorey JM. Crystal clear or tin ear: how do medical students interpret derogatory comments about patients and other professionals? Med Educ Online. 2016; 21:31221. PMID: 27422126; PMCID: PMC4947194.
    7. Martinson BC, Nelson D, Hagel-Campbell E, Mohr D, Charns MP, Bangerter A, Thrush CR, Ghilardi JR, Bloomfield H, Owen R, Wells JA. Initial Results from the Survey of Organizational Research Climates (SOuRCe) in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0151571. PMID: 26967736; PMCID: PMC4788347.
    8. Tariq SG, Thrush CR, Gathright M, Spollen JJ, Graham J, Shorey JM. Crystal clear or tin ear: how do medical students interpret derogatory comments about patients and other professionals? Med Educ Online. 2016 Jan; 21(1):31221. PMID: 28165961.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Smeds MR, Thrush CR, Mizell JS, Berry KS, Bentley FR. Mobile spaced education for surgery rotation improves National Board of Medical Examiners scores. J Surg Res. 2016 Mar; 201(1):99-104. PMID: 26850190.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Gathright MM, Thrush C, Guise JB, Krain L, Clardy J. What Do Medical Students Perceive as Meaningful in the Psychiatry Clerkship Learning Environment? A Content Analysis of Critical Incident Narratives. Acad Psychiatry. 2016 Apr; 40(2):287-94. PMID: 25772129.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Braswell L, Thrush C, Gephardt G, Deloney L. Pediatric Radiology On-Call Simulations. MedEdPORTAL Publications. 2015.
    12. Neal J, Thrush CR, Gathright MM, Guise JB. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Content Representation on the Psychiatry Resident In-Training Examination, 2009-2013. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health, 19(3), July, 320-327(8). 2015.
    13. Wells JA, Thrush CR, Martinson BC, May TA, Stickler M, Callahan EC, Klomparens KL. Survey of organizational research climates in three research intensive, doctoral granting universities. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2014 Dec; 9(5):72-88. PMID: 25747692.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Susanibar S, Thrush CR, Khatri N, Hutchins LF. Cancer survivorship training: a pilot study examining the educational gap in primary care medicine residency programs. J Cancer Surviv. 2014 Dec; 8(4):565-70. PMID: 24820428.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Crain AL, Martinson BC, Thrush CR. Relationships between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and self-reported research practices. Sci Eng Ethics. 2013 Sep; 19(3):835-50. PMID: 23096774; PMCID: PMC3594440.
    16. Martinson BC, Thrush CR, Lauren Crain A. Development and validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC). Sci Eng Ethics. 2013 Sep; 19(3):813-34. PMID: 23096775; PMCID: PMC3594655.
    17. Gathright MM, Krain LP, Sparks SE, Thrush CR. Do they stay or do they go? Residents who become faculty at their training institutions. Acad Psychiatry. 2012 Sep 01; 36(5):395-7. PMID: 22983472.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Thrush CR, Spollen JJ, Tariq SG, Williams DK, Ii JM. Evidence for validity of a survey to measure the learning environment for professionalism. Med Teach. 2011; 33(12):e683-8. PMID: 22225451.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Zraick RI, Kempster GB, Connor NP, Thibeault S, Klaben BK, Bursac Z, Thrush CR, Glaze LE. Establishing validity of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V). Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2011 Feb; 20(1):14-22. PMID: 20739631.
      View in: PubMed
    20. McBain SM, Hinton JA, Thrush CR, Williams DK, Guise JB. The effect of a forensic fellowship program on general psychiatry residents' in-training examination outcomes. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2010; 38(2):223-8. PMID: 20542943.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Spollen JJ, Thrush CR, Mui DV, Woods MB, Tariq SG, Hicks E. A randomized controlled trial of behavior change counseling education for medical students. Med Teach. 2010; 32(4):e170-7. PMID: 20353316.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Gathright MM, Thrush C, Jarvis R, Hicks E, Cargile C, Clardy J, O'Sullivan P. Identifying areas for curricular program improvement based on perceptions of skills, competencies, and performance. Acad Psychiatry. 2009 Jan-Feb; 33(1):37-42. PMID: 19349442.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Owen RR, Hudson T, Thrush C, Thapa P, Armitage T, Landes RD. The effectiveness of guideline implementation strategies on improving antipsychotic medication management for schizophrenia. Med Care. 2008 Jul; 46(7):686-91. PMID: 18580387.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Hudson TJ, Owen RR, Thrush CR, Armitage TL, Thapa P. Guideline implementation and patient-tailoring strategies to improve medication adherence for schizophrenia. J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Jan; 69(1):74-80. PMID: 18312040.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Thrush CR, Putten JV, Rapp CG, Pearson LC, Berry KS, O'Sullivan PS. Content Validation of the Organizational Climate for Research Integrity (OCRI) Survey. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics. 2007 Dec; 2(4):35-52. PMID: 19385806.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Thrush CR, Hicks EK, Tariq SG, Johnson AM, Clardy JA, O'Sullivan PS, Williams DK. Optimal learning environments from the perspective of resident physicians and associations with accreditation length. Acad Med. 2007 Oct; 82(10 Suppl):S121-5. PMID: 17895676.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Bennett AJ, Clardy JA, Cargile CS, Thrush CR. Developing the careers of clinician-educators in psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry. 2007 Jan-Feb; 31(1):57-60. PMID: 17242053.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Tariq SG, Johnson AM, Thrush, CR, Woods MB, Johnson VA, Clardy JC. Tariq SG, Johnson AM, Thrush, CR, Woods MB, Johnson VA, Clardy JC. (2007). Pop quizzes: Evidence based strategy for medical students? Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators, 17(2), 101-105. 2007.
    29. Norwood AD, Hicks EK, Thrush CR, Woods MB, Clardy JA. A Graduate Medical Education Initiative to Promote Professional Excellence Among Residency Program Coordinators. Med Educ Online. 2006 Dec; 11(1):4604. PMID: 28253777.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Booth BM, Kirchner JE, Fortney SM, Han X, Thrush CR, French MT. Measuring use of health services for at-risk drinkers: how brief can you get? J Behav Health Serv Res. 2006 Apr; 33(2):254-64. PMID: 16645911.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Norwood A, Hicks E, Thrush C, Woods M, Clardy JA. . A Graduate Medical Education Initiative to Promote Professional Excellence Among Residency Program Coordinators. Medical Education Online 2006; Dec 11(34). 2006.
    32. Kramer TL, Vuppala A, Lamps C, Miller TL, Thrush CR. The interface between mental health providers, families, and schools: Parent and child attitudes about information-sharing. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15(4) Aug; 377-392. 2006.
    33. Jarvis RM, Guise JB, Clardy JA, Thrush CR, Moses A, O’Sullivan P. GME Showcase Portfolio Assessment. MedEdPortal. 2006;. 2006.
    34. Curran GM, Thrush CR, Smith JL, Owen RR, Ritchie M, Chadwick D. Implementing research findings into practice using clinical opinion leaders: barriers and lessons learned. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2005 Dec; 31(12):700-7. PMID: 16430023.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Fickel JJ, Thrush CR. Policymaker use of quality of care information. Int J Qual Health Care. 2005 Dec; 17(6):497-504. PMID: 16037101.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Booth BM, Weber JE, Walton MA, Cunningham RM, Massey L, Thrush CR, Maio RF. Characteristics of cocaine users presenting to an emergency department chest pain observation unit. Acad Emerg Med. 2005 Apr; 12(4):329-37. PMID: 15805324.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kramer TL, Beaudin CL, Thrush CR . Evaluation and treatment of depression (part I): Benefits for patients, providers, and payors. Disease Management and Health Outcomes. 2005; 13(5):295-306.
    38. Thrush CR, O'Sullivan PS, Clardy JA, Vander Putten J, Kamin C . Portfolio assessment and self-directed learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly 9(3), 240-244. 2005.
    39. Owen RR, Thrush CR, Cannon D, Sloan KL, Curran G, Hudson T, Austen M, Ritchie M. Use of electronic medical record data for quality improvement in schizophrenia treatment. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2004 Sep-Oct; 11(5):351-7. PMID: 15187073; PMCID: PMC516241.
    40. Hudson TJ, Owen RR, Thrush CR, Han X, Pyne JM, Thapa P, Sullivan G. A pilot study of barriers to medication adherence in schizophrenia. J Clin Psychiatry. 2004 Feb; 65(2):211-6. PMID: 15003075.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Kirchner JE, Cody M, Thrush CR, Sullivan G, Rapp CG. Identifying factors critical to implementation of integrated mental health services in rural VA community-based outpatient clinics. J Behav Health Serv Res. 2004 Jan-Mar; 31(1):13-25. PMID: 14722477.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Kramer TL, Owen RR, Cannon D, Sloan KL, Thrush CR, Williams DK, Austen MA. How well do automated performance measures assess guideline implementation for new-onset depression in the Veterans Health Administration? Jt Comm J Qual Saf. 2003 Sep; 29(9):479-89. PMID: 14513671.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Kramer TL, Owen RR, Wilson C, Thrush CR. Relationship between self-report and clinician-rated impairment in depressed outpatients. Community Ment Health J. 2003 Aug; 39(4):299-307. PMID: 12908644.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Owen RR, Fischer EP, Kirchner JE, Thrush CR, Williams DK, Cuffel BJ, Elliott CE, Booth BM. Clinical practice variations in prescribing antipsychotics for patients with schizophrenia. Am J Med Qual. 2003 Jul-Aug; 18(4):140-6. PMID: 12934949.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Hudson TJ, Sullivan G, Feng W, Owen RR, Thrush CR. Economic evaluations of novel antipsychotic medications: a literature review. Schizophr Res. 2003 Apr 01; 60(2-3):199-218. PMID: 12591584.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Owen RR, Cannon D, Thrush CR. Mental Health QUERI Initiative: expert ratings of criteria to assess performance for major depressive disorder and schizophrenia. Am J Med Qual. 2003 Jan-Feb; 18(1):15-20. PMID: 12583641.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Kirchner JE, Curran GM, Thrush CR, Owen RR, Fortney JC, Booth BM. Depressive disorders and alcohol dependence in a community population. Community Ment Health J. 2002 Oct; 38(5):361-73. PMID: 12236407.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Owen RR, Thrush CR, Hudson TJ, Mallory SR, Fischer EP, Clardy JA, Williams DK. Using an explicit guideline-based criterion and implicit review to assess antipsychotic dosing performance for schizophrenia. Int J Qual Health Care. 2002 Jun; 14(3):199-206. PMID: 12108530.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Owen RR, Feng W, Thrush CR, Hudson TJ, Austen MA. Variations in prescribing practices for novel antipsychotic medications among Veterans Affairs hospitals. Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Nov; 52(11):1523-5. PMID: 11684751.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Owen RR, Thrush CR, Kirchner JE, Fischer EP, Booth BM. Performance measurement for schizophrenia: adherence to guidelines for antipsychotic dose. Int J Qual Health Care. 2000 Dec; 12(6):475-82. PMID: 11202601.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Clardy JA, Thrush CR, Guttenberger VT, Goodrich ML, Burton RPD. The junior-year psychiatric clerkship and medical students’ interest in psychiatry. Academic Psychiatry. 2000; 24(1):35-39.
    52. Purcell D, Thrush CR, Blanchette PL. Suicide among the elderly in Honolulu County: a multiethnic comparative study (1987-1992). Int Psychogeriatr. 1999 Mar; 11(1):57-66. PMID: 10189599.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Fox EC, Waldron JA, Bohnert P, Hishinuma ES, Nordquist CR. Mentoring new faculty in a department of psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry. 1998 Jun; 22(2):98-106. PMID: 24442935.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Clardy JA, Booth BM, Smith LG, Nordquist CR, Smith GR. Implementing a statewide outcomes management system for consumers of public mental health services. Psychiatr Serv. 1998 Feb; 49(2):191-5. PMID: 9575003.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Kirchner JE, Owen RR, Nordquist CR, Clardy JA. . Teaching and Learning in Medicine. Developing clinician-scientists through integrated research training in psychiatry. 1998; 10(3):183-187.
    56. Smith GR, Fischer EP, Nordquist CR, Mosley CL, Ledbetter NS. Implementing outcomes management systems in mental health settings. Psychiatr Serv. 1997 Mar; 48(3):364-8. PMID: 9057239.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Yates BD, Nordquist CR, Schultz-Ross RA. Feigned psychiatric symptoms in the emergency room. Psychiatr Serv. 1996 Sep; 47(9):998-1000. PMID: 8875670.
      View in: PubMed
    58. McDermott JF, Streltzer J, Lum KY, Nordquist CR, Danko G. Pilot study of explicit grading criteria in the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Part II. Examination. Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Aug; 153(8):1097-9. PMID: 8678183.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Makini GK, Andrade NN, Nahulu LB, Yuen N, Yate A, McDermott JF, Danko GP, Nordquist CR, Johnson R, Waldron JA. Psychiatric symptoms of Hawaiian adolescents. Cult Divers Ment Health. 1996; 2(3):183-91. PMID: 9231526.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Nakamura JW, McLeod CR, McDermott JF. Temporal variation in adolescent suicide attempts. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1994; 24(4):343-9. PMID: 7740592.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Harrison P, McLeod CR. A comparative content analysis of Emily Dickinson’s letters. Jefferson Journal of Psychiatry 1993;11(1), 3-11. 1993.
    62. McLeod CR, Vodanovich, SJ. . The relationship between self-actualization and boredom proneness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality. 1991; 6(6):137-146.
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